Wildland Fires and Air Pollution Book

Wildland Fires and Air Pollution


  • Author : Andrzej Bytnerowicz
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 688
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080556093

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Wildland Fires and Air Pollution Excerpt :

Wildland fires are one of the most devastating and terrifying forces of nature. While their effects are mostly destructive they also help with regeneration of forests and other ecosystems. Low-intensity fires clear accumulating biomass reducing risk of catastrophic crown fires and can be used as an effective management tool. This book presents current understanding of wildland fires and air quality as well as their effects on human health, forests and other ecosystems. in the first section of the book the basics of wildland fires and resulting emissions are presented from the perspective of changing global climate, air quality impairment and effects on environmental and human health and security. in the second section, effects of wildland fires on air quality, visibility and human health in various regions of the Earth are discussed. The third section of the book deals with complex issues of the ecological impacts of fires and air pollution in forests and chaparral in North America. The fourth section discusses various management issues facing land and fire managers which are related to wildfires, use of prescribed fires, and air quality. This section also presents various modeling systems used for describing fire dangers and behavior as well as smoke and air pollution predictions applied in the risk assessment analysis. The book concludes with a series of expert recommendations for wildland fire and atmospheric research.

Wildland Fires and Air Pollution Book

Wildland Fires and Air Pollution


  • Author : Andrzej Bytnerowicz
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2008-10-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 686
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080560496

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Wildland Fires and Air Pollution Excerpt :

The interaction between smoke and air pollution creates a public health challenge. Fuels treatments proposed for National Forests are intended to reduce fuel accumulations and wildfire frequency and severity, as well as to protect property located in the wild land-urban interface. However, prescribed fires produce gases and aerosols that have instantaneous and long-term effects on air quality. If fuels treatment are not conducted, however, then wild land fires become more severe and frequent causing worse public health and wellfare effects. A better understanding of air pollution and smoke interactions is needed in order to protect the public health and allow for socially and ecologically acceptable use of fire as a management tool. Wildland Fires and Air Pollution offers such an understanding and examines innovative wide-scale monitoring efforts (field and remotely sensed), and development of models predicting spatial and temporal distribution of air pollution and smoke resulting from forests fires and other sources. Collaborative effort of an international team of scientists High quality of invited chapters Full colour

Wildland Fire in Ecosystems Book

Wildland Fire in Ecosystems


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Genre: Air quality
  • Pages : 88
  • ISBN 10 : MINN:31951D02257828E

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Wildland Fire in Ecosystems Excerpt :

This state-of-knowledge review about the effects of fire on air quality can assist land, fire, and air resource managers with fire and smoke planning, and their efforts to explain to others the science behind fire-related program policies and practices to improve air quality. Chapter topics include air quality regulations and fire; characterization of emissions from fire; the transport, dispersion, and modeling of fire emissions; atmospheric and plume chemistry; air quality impacts of fire; social consequences of air quality impacts; and recommendations for future research.

Wildland Fire Smoke in the United States Book

Wildland Fire Smoke in the United States


  • Author : David L. Peterson
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-08-11
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030870454

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Wildland Fire Smoke in the United States Excerpt :

This open access book synthesizes current information on wildland fire smoke in the United States, providing a scientific foundation for addressing the production of smoke from wildland fires. This will be increasingly critical as smoke exposure and degraded air quality are expected to increase in extent and severity in a warmer climate. Accurate smoke information is a foundation for helping individuals and communities to effectively mitigate potential smoke impacts from wildfires and prescribed fires. The book documents our current understanding of smoke science for (1) primary physical, chemical, and biological issues related to wildfire and prescribed fire, (2) key social issues, including human health and economic impacts, and (3) current and anticipated management and regulatory issues. Each chapter provides a summary of priorities for future research that provide a roadmap for developing scientific information that can improve smoke and fire management over the next decade.

Implications of the California Wildfires for Health  Communities  and Preparedness Book

Implications of the California Wildfires for Health Communities and Preparedness


  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2020-10-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 161
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309499873

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Implications of the California Wildfires for Health Communities and Preparedness Excerpt :

California and other wildfire-prone western states have experienced a substantial increase in the number and intensity of wildfires in recent years. Wildlands and climate experts expect these trends to continue and quite likely to worsen in coming years. Wildfires and other disasters can be particularly devastating for vulnerable communities. Members of these communities tend to experience worse health outcomes from disasters, have fewer resources for responding and rebuilding, and receive less assistance from state, local, and federal agencies. Because burning wood releases particulate matter and other toxicants, the health effects of wildfires extend well beyond burns. In addition, deposition of toxicants in soil and water can result in chronic as well as acute exposures. On June 4-5, 2019, four different entities within the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop titled Implications of the California Wildfires for Health, Communities, and Preparedness at the Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing at the University of California, Davis. The workshop explored the population health, environmental health, emergency preparedness, and health equity consequences of increasingly strong and numerous wildfires, particularly in California. This publication is a summary of the presentations and discussion of the workshop.

Wildland Fire in Ecosystems Book

Wildland Fire in Ecosystems


  • Author : David V. Sandberg
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release Date : 2009-09
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 79
  • ISBN 10 : 9781437915570

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Wildland Fire in Ecosystems Excerpt :

Wildland fire is an integral part of ecosystem mgmt. and is essential in maintaining functional ecosystems, but air pollutants emitted from those fires can be harmful to human health and welfare. This review of what is known about the effects of fire on air quality will assist those in the fire and air quality mgmt. communities. Contents: (1) Intro.; Scope; Framework; Prior Work; Changes in Fire Policy; (2) Air Quality Regulations and Fire; (3) Overview of Air Pollution from Fire; (4) Characterization of Emissions from Fires; (5) Transport, Dispersion, and Modeling of Fire Emissions; (6) Atmospheric and Plume Chemistry; (7) Estimating the Air Quality Impacts of Fire; (8) Consequences of Fire on Air Quality; (9) Recommend. for Future Research. Illus.

Effects of Fire on Air Book

Effects of Fire on Air


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1979
  • Genre: Air
  • Pages : 44
  • ISBN 10 : MINN:31951D029962553

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Effects of Fire on Air Excerpt :

Earth Observation of Wildland Fires in Mediterranean Ecosystems Book

Earth Observation of Wildland Fires in Mediterranean Ecosystems


  • Author : Emilio Chuvieco
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2009-09-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 257
  • ISBN 10 : 3642017541

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Earth Observation of Wildland Fires in Mediterranean Ecosystems Excerpt :

Wildland fires are becoming one of the most critical environmental factors affecting a wide range of ecosystems worldwide. In Mediterranean ecosystems (including also South-Africa, California, parts of Chile and Australia), wildland fires are recurrent phenomena every summer, following the seasonal drought. As a result of changes in traditional land use practices, and the impact of recent climate warming, fires have more negative impacts in the last years, threatening lives, socio-economic and ecological values. The book describes the ecological context of fires in the Mediterranean ecosystems, and provides methods to observe fire danger conditions and fire impacts using Earth Observation and Geographic Information System technologies.

Air Quality in Cities Book

Air Quality in Cities


  • Author : Nicolas Moussiopoulos
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-11-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662052174

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Air Quality in Cities Excerpt :

Urban areas are major sources of air pollution. Pollutant emissions affecting air quality in cities are considered to have adverse consequences for human health. Public and government concern about environmental issues arising from urban air pollution has increased over the last decades. The urban air pollution problem is widespread throughout the world and it is important to find ways of eliminating or at least reducing the risks for human health. The fundamentals of the physical and chemical processes occurring during air pollutant transport in the atmosphere are nowadays understood to a large extent. In particular, modelling of such processes has experienced a remarkable growth in the last decades. Monitoring capabilities have also improved markedly in the most urban areas around the world. However, neither modelling nor monitoring can solve urban air pollution problems, as they are only a first step in improving useful information for future regulations. The defining of efficient control strategies can not be achieved without a clear knowledge of the complete pollution process, i.e. emission, atmospheric transport and transformation, and deposition at the receptor. Improving our ability to establish valid urban scale source-receptor relation ships has been the objective of SA TURN, one of the 14 subprojects of EURO TRAC-2. Similar to the other subprojects of this co-ordinated environmental pro ject within the EUREKA initiative, SA TURN brought together international groups of scientists to work on problems directly related to atmospheric chemistry and physics. The present volume summarises the scientific results of SATURN.

Canadian Wildland Fire Strategy Book

Canadian Wildland Fire Strategy


  • Author : Peter L. Fuglem
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2006
  • Genre: Electronic books
  • Pages : 105
  • ISBN 10 : UIUC:30112075587946

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Canadian Wildland Fire Strategy Excerpt :

"In September 2004, the Canadian Council of Forest Ministers established a federal, provincial, and territorial task group of assistant deputy ministers (ADMs) and commissioned the development of the Canadian Wildland Fire Strategy (CWFS). The ADMs created an intergovernmental team of analysts, experienced fire managers, and researchers, known as the CWFS Core Team, to consult with Canadian and international experts, collate information, conduct analyses, and present the findings. This team was directed to assess the current state of wildland fire management in Canada, examine the key influences and trends, and identify possible desired future states and how they could be achieved. This publication comprises a collection of nine reports written by the CWFS Core Team members and their associates. Collectively these papers include syntheses, analyses, and perspective articles that address a variety of the social, economic, and biophysical aspects of wildland fire and its management as well as policy, science, and operational issues in Canada."--Pub. desc.

Modelling  Monitoring and Management of Forest Fires Book

Modelling Monitoring and Management of Forest Fires


  • Author : J. de las Heras
  • Publisher : WIT Press
  • Release Date : 2008-08-26
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 433
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845641412

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Modelling Monitoring and Management of Forest Fires Excerpt :

At present there is insufficient knowledge of the behavior of fires and how they propagate. This lack of information makes it very hard to control these phenomena and is one of the biggest obstacles to the development of a reliable decision support system. Public concern regarding this topic is increasing as uncontrolled fires may lead to major ecological disasters, and usually result in negative economic and health implications for the region. Containing papers presented at the First International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Forest Fires, this book addresses the latest research and applications of available computational tools to analyse and predict the spread of forest fires in order to prevent or reduce major loss of life and property as well as damage to the environment. Such tools must be able to take into consideration a large number of different parameters. The book thus deals with all aspects of forest fires, from fire propagation in different scenarios to the optimum strategies for fire-fighting. It also covers issues related to economic, ecological, social and health effects. Featured topics include: Computer Models for Fire Propagation; Risk and Vulnerability Assessment; Fire Combustion Models; Computational Methods and Experiments; Case Studies; Emergency Response Systems; Optimization Models for Fire Mitigation; Environmental Impact Models; Air Pollution and Health Risk; Interaction between Meteorological and Forest Fires Models; Economic Impact Models; Forest Material Characterisation; Eco Remediation Models; Decision Support Systems; Monitoring Systems and Data Acquisition and Analysis.

National Strategic Plan Book

National Strategic Plan


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1999
  • Genre: Air quality management
  • Pages : 70
  • ISBN 10 : MINN:31951D028890567

DOWNLOAD BOOK
National Strategic Plan Excerpt :